Ripanj

Ripanj


Category

Description

Ripanj is a suburban settlement of Belgrade, the capital of Serbia. It is located in Belgrade s municipality of Voždovac. It has a distinction of bei largest village of Serking in account its number of population, but also because it has the largest area of all rural settlements in the country.LocationRipanj is located some 25 kilometers south of Belgrade, on the southern slopes of the Avala mountain, in the valley of the Topčiderka river. It is the southernmost settlement in the municipality, on the northern side of the Lipovica woods, near the tripoint of the municipalities of Voždovac, Barajevo and Sopot.PopulationRipanj is statistically classified as a rural settlement (village). Population has been stagnating for the last several decades, according to the official censuses of population: 1863 - 1,839 1921 - 5,012 1948 - 7,475 1953 - 8,255 1961 - 10,533 1971 - 10,673 1981 - 10,463 1991 - 10,571 (de jure) 1991 - 10,320 (de facto) 2002 - 11,020 (de jure) 2002 - 10,741 (de facto) 2010 - 22,360 (de jure)HistoryIt is believed that settlement got its name from the large rock in the vicinity, called Ripa. Slopes of the Avala were already inhabioted in Neolithic. The location is an old mining area as it is known that already Romans were extracting mercury and silver and the tradition was later continued by the medieval Saxon miners. One of the major Serbian industrialists in the early 20th century, Đorđe Vajfert, also owned several mining fields. The mercury extraction from the Avala mountain ended in the second half of the 20th century.